Tuesday, 31 March 2015

Merry Eosturmonath!

This Easter some may celebrate the resurrection of a god that was born of a virgin, was sacrificed on a Friday, rose three days later and brought the promise of eternal life. Not Jesus (who resurrected after only two days) but Attis, an older Phrygian god and consort of the goddess Cybele. Attis was God of vegetation and it was the burgeoning Spring that he represented,  the fruits of the earth which die in winter only to rise again in the spring.. Attis' spring festival - dying and rising on March 24th and 25th, began as a day of blood on Black Friday (so called because it was the day he died) and rose to a crescendo after three days, in rejoicing over his resurrection.

Wheat - the sacred symbol of Attis' resurection
The march dates of Attis' spring celebration were later applied to the resurrection of Christ according to Sir Frazer, "the tradition which placed the death of Christ on the twenty-fifth of March was ancient and deeply rooted ...(as a spring resurrecting god theme)". That Easter falls on the first Sunday after the full moon immediately following the Equinox demonstrates the festivals very Pagan precedent. 

There was aparently violent conflict on Vatican Hill in Rome in the early days of Christianity as the worshippers of Jesus and Pagans quarrelled over whose resurected god was true or greatest. Even then, neither were unique as virtually every civilisation has an equivalent resurrected deity: Tammuz, Adonis, Baal, Osiris, and Dionysus are a few...

The rites of the 'crucified Adonis' demonstrate another dying and resurecting god, celebrated in Syria at 'Easter' and Frazer states: "When we reflect how often the Church has skillfully contrived to plant the seeds of the new faith on the old stock of paganism, we may surmise that the Easter celebration of the dead and risen Christ was grafted upon a similar celebration of the dead and risen Adonis..."... ( source ). Not so much a  pragmatic acceptance of ancient pagan practises by the Christian church then but a wholesale repurposing of existing festivals to new ends.

My point in mentioning the Attis and similar festivals is to provide counterpoint to the Christian Easter and show that the various festivals of this time in fact all stem from an ancient celebration of Spring.

"The Gardens of Adonis" by John Reinhard Weguelin (1888)
According to the Venerable Bede
Be that as it may, according to the Venerable Bede - an English Monk of the 6thC Common Era - an author and scholar known as 'The Father of English History', the Anglo-Saxons called the entire month of April 'Eosturmonath' after their Earth Goddess, Eostre. He also recorded that the ancient Pagan festival had by the beginning of the Eighth Century, been entirely replaced by the Christian custom, which is clearly a propaganda fabulation because the festival of Eostre - also known as Ostara, after the Norse Goddess of fertility, flourishes to this day.

Stories have grown around the goddess' Eostre and her symbols, the cosmic egg and the mad march hare, here's one about the ''Easter Bunny''..
The story goes that after a particularly cold winter, Eostre was late to usher in the Spring. Unfortunately, this meant that a bird succumbed to the cold and died. Feeling responsible, Eostre revived the bird and changed it into a hare, whom she called Lepus. Since Lepus had once been a bird, every year as the Spring returned, he laid eggs. He gave one to Eostre to thank her for saving his life and Eostre, thinking that everyone would appreciate a similar gift, encouraged Lepus to go round the world distributing eggs. Hence, or so this tale would tell, the custom of the 'Easter Bunny' bringing us eggs...

Of course we know better, Eostre as Goddess of fertility and Spring was represented by her two symbols,  the cosmic egg - most basic symbol of rebirth and the mad march hare which also represents fertility and the rebirth of Spring. Whilst the hare was latterly abducted and repurposed into the 'Easter Bunny', the tradition of sharing eggs  sprung from Pagan offerings of colored eggs made in honour of Eostre at the Vernal Equinox, which they placed in fields and also at gravesides as a charm of rebirth. (Egyptians and Greeks were also known to place eggs at gravesites).

Eostre by Thorskegga

The Pagan Eostre then dosen't require articles of faith or complex beliefs to enter into a sacred relationship with nature, but simply celebrates life and gives thanks for the blessings of Spring.

Welcome Eostre ~

Sumer is Icumen In ~
One of the oldest known songs in celebration of Spring, a round or canon called 'Sumer is Icumen In’ celebrates the arrival of the cuckoo. It was written for unaccompanied voices in the Wessex dialect in the 13th century. Although the only part that doesn’t need translating is the phrase “sing cuckoo”, one listen is enough to dispel any doubt that life could be full of exquisite joy, even in the 'Dark Ages'.

Svmer is icumen in                   Spring has arrived,
Lhude sing cuccu                      Loudly sing, cuckoo!
Groweþ sed                              The seed is growing
and bloweþ med                       And the meadow is blooming,
and springþ þe wde nu              And the wood is coming into leaf now,        
Sing cuccu                                 Sing, cuckoo!

Awe bleteþ after lomb               The ewe is bleating after lamb,
lhouþ after calue cu                   The cow is lowing after her calf;
Bulluc sterteþ                            The bullock is prancing,
bucke uerteþ                             The billy-goat farting,
murie sing cuccu                        Sing merrily - cuckoo!
Cuccu cuccu                              Cuckoo, cuckoo,
Wel singes þu cuccu                   You sing well, cuckoo,
ne swik þu nauer nu                   Never stop now,
Sing cuccu nu • Sing cuccu.        Sing cuckoo, now; sing, cuckoo,
Sing cuccu • Sing cuccu nu         Sing cuckoo, sing, cuckoo, now!

Merry Eosturmonath to You ~

Thursday, 19 March 2015

Dark Dragons - Bright Eclipse

Friday March 20th sees a new-moon ‘supermoon’, total solar eclipse and the spring equinox all falling on the same day, which is a very rare astronomical event and has the potential to stir up some powerful energetic shifts for our personal and collective transformations.

For as long as humans have existed, solar eclipses have always caused wonder and sometimes fear as the sun is enveloped in darkness. In many ancient cultures it was believed that the sun was being attacked by a dragon or mythological creature. People made as much noise as they could to scare the dragon away. It wasn’t all bad though, in Tahiti it was believed that the sun was making love with the moon and in Italy it is believed that flowers planted during a solar eclipse are brighter and more colorful than flowers planted any other time of the year.

Some people also fear dragons, particularly in the West where they have been represented as evil creatures intent on selfish ends and wanton destruction. Yet dragons - even those seen in the dark, are in fact physical manifestations of the multi dimensional aspects of our higher selves...

The origin of the word dragon has been traced to the greek word 'derkein' which means sharp sighted one. Dragons have always been a source of wonder and are often employed as a symbol of hope and purity. Notorious riddle masters, they are known to be wise, they are also sentinels of sacred shrines and guardians of treasures beyond understanding - I hasten to add that these are not material treasures but metaphysicial, psychological and spiritual treasures to be given when the time is right. Such influence of the dragons can be seen way back in history as in Babylonian myth a dragon was believed to have aided the creation of the world and the gods.

Dragons are messengers of magic and mystery, encouraging us to tap into our psychic nature and see the world through our inner eyes. They are guides who help us cross realms the betwen worlds, never making an appearance - figuratively, symbolically or spiritually -without serving a higher purpose, dragons as an emanation of our higher self are one of the most powerful of nature spirits and offer humans the opportunity for transformation, psychic development and protection. Setting Jung, Freud and the christian perspectives aside for a moment, counter to their advice that we defeat our dragons to acheive liberation from the unconscious, or to tear freedom from the mother archetype, or to be deemed good by a patriarchal god, I suggest that we listen to the dargons, that we learn what they have to tell us.

This eclipse is particularly auspicious as it falls on the vernal equinox, long been celebrated by nearly all world cultures as a time of rebirth, fertility and new opportunities, known by many pagans now as was Ostara' the early Pagan Germanic Goddess of the spring. This festival was also celebrated by the Mayans, ancient Romans, and by the ancient Egyptians as the festival of Isis. It is believed that this Pagan fertility holiday eventually transitioned to become the Passover ceremony in Judaism and the Easter ceremony in Christianity. Modern Pagans and peoples of many different faiths and denominations still celebrate the spring equinox as a time of fertility, growth, and the returning of the creative energies of the divine feminine.

In the Eclipse then as the dragon devours the sun, symbolic of our consciousness - our day dies a death - and in descent into darkness, symbolic of unconsciousness - there is peace. Do not fight the unconsciousness and do not fear it - accept the vastness beyond measure and be still in the heart of yourself. The birds fall silent,  the world pauses as it opens to wonder for a moment, taken outside of ourselves we consider the greater cycles of the Earth we share. This is a perfect time to examine our hearts and lives, to lay aside old behaviours that no longer serve our higher selves and old associations whose time is passed. This is the time to let our dragons, be they metaphysical, invisible or otherwise, to grant a natural death to the ways whose time is over, time to accept the power to live with greater awareness and with joy.

If we choose to move out of the old, fear based paradigms based on the missunderstandings of the past, we can begin the shift into a brighter consciousness, follow our dragon guides toward a higher awareness - realise that we are all connnected, that all of life is sacred, the earth irreplaceable and that everything matters even when it dosent.

So, on this auspicious day of the vernal equinox eclipse, take yourself to a sacred place or enter into your inner space and commune with your dragons, your other self and with all the dragons that can only be seen through the eyes of the heart and the mind inbetween. Then awaken and rise as the Sun returns you to your bright blessed Now, to the gift of your life full of wonder...

nb the practice of dragon awareness and empowerment can be carried out at other times than Equinox, Solstice or Eclipses, i'd recommend twilight when the paths between realms are within reach ~

Our bodies are made from the Earth, Our spirits are spun from the Stars,
After the Darkness of knowing, the Light of new growing is ours ~

Tuesday, 17 March 2015

Happy All Snakes Day!

 It is said that St Patrick banished all snakes from Ireland, but Patrick's expulsion of the snakes from Ireland was an early example of eccleciastical spin: there were none there in the first place. Post-glacial ie since before the last Ice Age Ireland never had snakes, as on insular "New Zealand, Iceland, Greenland and Antarctica.

 A quintessential symbol of fertility and renewal, the snake has long been associated with Goddess worship. The tale of the "snake" leaving Ireland illustrates a Christian longing for the eradication of the ancient and benevolent goddess worship that once dominated Ireland. The serpent was a symbol of the Irish Pagans and Druids then and it was they that St Patrick drove out of Ireland, by threatening them with death if they didn't convert to christianity and actually killed many Druid priests who refused to convert.

The Wild Hunt has this to say;

''For some modern Pagans (whether Irish or not), St. Patrick’s Day isn’t a day of celebrations, as they see Patrick, famously attributed with converting Ireland to Christianity, as committing something akin to cultural genocide.

“The “snakes” that Patrick drove out of Ireland were the Druidic priests, who had serpents tattooed on their forearms. Celebrating him is like celebrating Stalin or Hitler.”

Pagan author Isaac Bonewits called the day “All Snakes Day”, and penned songs calling for the return of the “snakes” that Patrick is famously attributed with driving out, since many claim the “snakes” are actually a metaphor for Pagans (Ireland hasn’t had real snakes in it since the last ice age).''  more here.

The meanings of the other symbols of Ireland;
Green is the colour of Ireland, of mysterious deeds, of an awakening earth, of the mist that lies in the hollows foretelling the coming of spring, of the shoots whose green colour deepens as they stretch toward the sun.
The four-leaf clover represents the solar-worshipping invaders of Ireland, the Celts and their crowd.
The shamrock refers to the importance of triplism to Ireland's indigenous tribes as well as the triple worship of the Goddess of Ireland Ana (also Aine and Dana) in her aspects of maid, mother and crone. The symbol was eventually written into the legend of St. Patrick to describe the Trinity...

Celtic Druid Triad from Ireland's Druidschool

Be Pagan Once Again!
© 1972, 2001 c.e. by Isaac Bonewits

When childhild's fire was in my blood, I dreamed of ancient dreemen,
Against the Church who boldly stood, as Pagans and as Heathen.
And then I prayed I yet might see, the Druids in the glen,
And Ireland long the churches' toy, be Pagan once again!
Be Pagan once again, be Pagan once again,
And Ireland long the churches' toy, be Pagan once again!

The Old Gods only sleep you know, although betrayed and slandered.
They guarded us from every woe, and blessed each crop and fine herd.
Then Patrick, he drove the snakes away, and brought the churches in.
'Twas a bloody poor bargain, I would say -- let's be Pagan once again!
Be Pagan once again, be Pagan once again,
'Twas a bloody poor bargain, I would say -- let's be Pagan once again!

And ever since that wretched day, when first Ireland went Christian,
We've suffered woe in every way, with our freedom made the worst "sin".
They set us at each other's throats, to murder kith and kin.
Too long we've been their starving goats -- let's be Pagan once again!
Be Pagan once again, be Pagan once again,
Too long we've been their starving goats -- let's be Pagan once again!

Both Catholic and Protestant, led us round by our noses,
Distracting from the deadly scent, of England's bleedin' roses!
Kick every preacher 'cross the sea, burn out their golden dens.
It's the only way we'll ever be free -- let's be Pagan once again!
Be Pagan once again, be Pagan once again,
It's the only way we'll ever be free -- let's be Pagan once again!

Sunday, 15 March 2015

Reactor No4

Reactor No4; about the Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster, and the Sustainable, Clean, Green and Life-Friendly alternatives ~

I started this project because I encountered a virtual reality model of the Ukranian town of Pripyat near to Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, called Everwinter Post Apocalyptic Theme Park and made by Lauren Bentham, which prompted me to look again at the Chernobyl Nuclear disaster of April 26th 1986.

The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation identified fewer than 60 immediate deaths from trauma, acute radiation poisoning and thyroid cancer - non-governmental organizations contrastingly claimed up to a million deaths were caused.
Nearly nine tons of radioactive materials - 90 times as much as the Hiroshima bomb - were hurled into the sky,  forty hours later the 50,000 residents of Pripyat were ordered to evacuate.

There have been other nuclear power plant leaks, accidents and disasters before Chernobyl and after - including Fukushima 2011, which has resulted in a nuclear meltdown of three of nuclear reactors...

With 437 Nuclear Power Plants worldwide + 71 under construction, the possibility of future incidents cannot be ignored.
In a world where polluting emissions and climate change have become a bigger concern, nuclear power remains a significant piece of the energy-production puzzle.

Yet the UK alone now has enough radioactive waste to fill the Royal Albert Hall five times over, with no safe way to dispose of it.

There are safer alternatives which spring direct from the Earth’s natural resources - sunlight, wind, waves, tides and geothermal heat, all are versatile, adaptable, abundant and renewable energy sources that will never run out. Significantly, they do not cary the threat of radiation, disaster and death,
but offer a sustainable and environmentally balanced answer to our energy needs - protecting the present so that the futrure will be worth living in.

Located within the Chernobyl disaster zone, Pripyat, Ukraine, was ground zero for the worst nuclear disaster in history when an accident destroyed a plant reactor on April 26, 1986. Nearly nine tons of radioactive materials - 90 times as much as the Hiroshima bomb - were hurled into the sky. The explosion took place at around one in the morning while the neighboring town of Pripyat slept. Only forty hours later, the residents of Pripyat were ordered to evacuate, and most never returned. The exclusion zone of 30 km (19 mi) that was set up around the reactor is still in place today. Almost 30 years later, radiation levels remain too high for human habitation..

237 Chernobyl workers were taken to hospital with suspected acute radiation sickness; 134 of these cases were confirmed; 28 were fatal; about 20 other workers have since died from illnesses considered to have been caused or aggravated by radiation exposure; two workers died from other causes at the time of the accident and another disappeared - presumed dead.

Suffering from thyroid cancer, Oleg Shapiro, 54, and Dima Bogdanovich, 13, receive care at a thyroid hospital in Minsk, where surgery is performed daily. As a liquidator, Oleg was exposed to extreme levels of radiation. This was his third thyroid operation.

On top of that, it has been estimated that about 4000 people will die (or may already have died) from radiation-induced cancer, including workers exposed directly to radiation, and members of the public exposed to the huge release of radioactive material from the reactor. About 4000 cases of thyroid cancer, which typically kills about 5 per cent of people who get it, have been attributed to inhalation and ingestion of radioactive iodine by children.

The accident
The accident happened during unauthorized reactor tests. A sudden power output surge took place, and when an attempt was made at an emergency shutdown, a more extreme spike in power output occurred which led to the rupture of a reactor vessel as well as a series of explosions. This event exposed superheated internal reactor components to the air, causing them to ignite. The explosions and fire created a huge plume of radioactive fallout to float up into the atmosphere and out over an extensive area. The plume drifted over large parts of the western Soviet Union, Europe and elevated radiation levels were recorded as far as the west coast of the United States and Canada.

The zone of alienation
Only after a soviet investigation team from Kiev had reached the site and reported very high radioactive values the people of Pripyat were informed about the accident. The evacuation began at 2 p.m. on 27 April. To speed up the evacuation, the residents were told to bring only what was necessary since the authorities said it would only be temporary and would last approximately three days. As a result, most of the residents left most of their personal belongings which can still be found at Pripyat. 

Workers wearing plastic suits and respirators for protection pause briefly on their way to drill holes for support rods inside the shaky concrete sarcophagus, a structure hastily built after the explosion to isolate the radioactive rubble of Reactor #4.

Reactor No4
The sarcophagus that currently encases Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is a giant metal concrete and structure quickly constructed as an emergency measure in 1986 to halt the release of radiation into the atmosphere following the explosion. The official Russian name is “Obyekt Ukrytiye” which means shelter or covering. It is estimated that within the shelter there is 200 tons of radioactive corium, 30 tons of contaminated dust and 16 tons of uranium and plutonium (source Wikipedia). In 1996 it was considered impossible to repair the sarcophagus as radiation levels within it were as high as 10,000 röntgens per hour (background radiation in cities is around 20-50 microröntgens per hour, a lethal dose being 500 röntgens over 5 hours). A decision to replace the sarcophagus with a “New Safe Containment” was taken and construction of the new structure is now well underway. Originally planned to be in place by 2005, the New Shelter is expected to be completed by the French consortium Novarka in 2015.

Chernobyl New Safe Confinement.
A structure of gigantic dimensions, 108 meters high, 162 long, 257 wingspan.

The Red Forest:
While the reactor was burning, the adjacent pine forest absorbed most of the released heavily radioactive dust. 10km² of woods were affected by the radiation and died, turning the forest to color red. The radiation levels here are several times higher then near the reactor core.

The Pripyat amusement park was scheduled to open only four days after the Chernobyl accident, but this never happened. The ferris wheel, swings, bumper cars and the merry-go-round were never used and are now rusting away, a stark Orwellian reminder of the Nuclear disaster and shattered innocence that fell here. ( http://www.losapos.com/chernobyl )

the empty schools and kindergarten rooms in Pripyat – once the largest town in the Exclusion Zone with 50,000 inhabitants – are still a silent testament to the sudden and tragic departure.

Because people are forgetful, but Radiation will last at least 1000 years - 
follow this link for
The 10 Worst Civilian Nuclear Accidents in History - 
so far......

In consideration of the various alternative energy sources,
Some alternatives seem more promising than others.
Biofuel appears to be a self defeating option under the worlds present population levels, as food crop land, limited and in increasing demand, is destroyed to grow crops that will be used as fuel.
Whilst  wave power looks like a great alternative source of energy, it may also destroy marine ecosystems and communities both human and otherwise that rely on them.
Other than watermills, the use of water as a power source through creation of massive hydropower plants is less promising because of the potential environmental damage to natural waterways, wildlife, and communities.

Solarpower and Windpower are arguably the best energy alternatives, since most countries already have the technology and they create arguably minimal disruption environmentally - without the threat of decades long disasters to follow.

In terms of collective and cooperative good, projects undertaken on a community level would lessen the burden of expensive infrastructure costs as can be seen in Germany over the last few years.

Home construction could focus on sustainable living and even going 'off grid' as growing numbers of people are beginning to do. Smaller homes using recycled and local resources for construction with solar panels and small wind turbines generates sufficient energy for our modern needs with minimal storage demands.

This can be accomplished on a municipal level, too. Rethinking how we use space in urban settings to include self-sustaining energy production and food production. In terms of energy, both solar and wind are affordable to individuals, developing communities, and established municipalities.

Many of the emerging studies in the U.S. show that establishing decentralized energy production and distribution sites using solar and wind (because we already use them and have the technology in place) is more efficient, less loss of energy in the distribution process, and eliminates CO2 pollution as created by use of fossil-fuels. This system also eliminates the dangers associated with nuclear energy.


Greenpeace Energy (R)Evolution
Economics of Grid Defection
Beyond Utility 2.0 to Energy

Monday, 2 March 2015

The World Has Got A Problem

The world has got a problem,
That politicians just wont face.
The world has got a problem,
That concerns the human race.
The world has got a problem,
That business men ignore.
The world has got a problem,
That affects us more and more.

We're burning those natural resources,
I tell you that we've got to hold our horses,
Cos we're making too much carbon dioxide,
Thats a waste we just can't hide.
Too much carbon dioxide,
Is a problem spread worldwide,
Too much carbon dioxide,
Will destroy our precious jewell.
Too much carbon dioxide,
Comes from burning fossil fuel.

We've got to leave the coal in the ground,
And let the oil stay where its lying.
Just leave the natural gas where 'ere its found,
Or very soon we'll all be dieing.
We've got to keep the atmosphere really clean,
Or the climate will get deadiy mean,
And life on Earth will end,
You've got to listen to me friend.

Youv'e got to leave the coal right in the ground,
And let the oil stay where its lying.
Just leave the natural gas where 'ere its found,
Or very soon we'll all be dieing.
We've got to keep the atmosphere really clean,
Or the climate will get deadly mean,
And life on Earth will end,
Our selfish ways we now must mend.

We'll soon be reaching Rubicon,
That's the point of no return,
We've got to make our minds up,
A lesson we must learn.
We're acting like a cancer,
We're commiting suicide.
There must be something we should do,
Cos we cannot run and hide.

We've got to leave the coal in the ground,
And let the oil stay where its lying.
Just leave the natural gas where 'ere its found,
Or very soon we'll all be dieing.
We've got to keep the atmosphere really clean,
Or the climate will get deadly mean,
And life on Earth will end,
You've got to listen to me friend.

Youv'e got to leave the coal right in the ground,
And let the oil stay where its lying.
Just leave the natural gas where 'ere its found,
Or very soon we'll all be dieing.
We've got to keep the atmosphere really clean,
Or the climate will get deadly mean,
And life on Earth will End

A Song for Ecology 
Grateful thanks to David Warbey

Help Greenpeace 
Save The Arctic & Polar Bear from Global Warming - click here; 

''Despite what some in the “mainstream” media assert, there is no “debate about global warming not amongst informed scientists, anyways. Scientists knowledgeable about climate change debate only the finer details, such as: how much CO2 increase will double surface temperature (known as the Climate Sensitivity Equilibrium), or, the role of aerosols in slowing or forcing atmospheric warming (seems different aerosols can have different impacts, and depending on where in the stratosphere they reside).

The only “debate” in mainstream society is a pseudo debate between far-right conservatives (and their proxy pundits in the media) who remain in denial about human-caused (or human-accelerated) climate change — despite a growing mountain of supporting evidence — and a shrinking population of hold-out skeptics and those who sadly receive their science news from limited and/or disingenuous sources.'' (source)

Global warming is primarily a problem of too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere which acts as a blanket trapping heat and warming the planet, in turn creating Climate Change. As we burn fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas for energy or cut down and burn forests to create pastures and plantations, vastly increased ammounts of carbon accumulate and poison our atmosphere, killing plants-wildlife-agriculture and ourselves, the trapped heat melts our ice caps releasing water and further gasess into the atmosphere, sea levels rise flooding both farming and urban land areas...

Moreover, since the atmosphere is absorbing more energy than before, the increase energy will also make storms more violent, more powerful. This is an application of a very basic laws of physics - the law of conservation of energy. Since the atmosphere has more energy, it will use it. The atmosphere will not simply absorb more energy forever. Think stronger hurricanes, stronger thunderstorms, more windy days, etc on an esclating vortex without end. Venus is a fine example of what happens if the 'Greenhouse Effect' goes too far. Venus is covered in clouds and super hurricane storms hurtling around the planet. Venus' high concentration of 'Greenhouse' gases also absorb infrared radiation well, making the planet very hot.

The Three Stooges Of Climate Change - Ignorance, Avarice and Inertia
 Climate change is also making snowstorms stronger and more frequent - US scientsists have stated ''...as the Earth gets warmer and more mositure gets absorbed into the atmosphere, we are steadily loading the  dice in favour of more extreme storms in all seasons, capable of causing greater impacts on society'' ( source ).

At the same time, because less of a region’s precipitation is falling in light storms and more of it in heavy storms, the risks of drought and wildfire are also greater. Ironically, higher air temperatures tend to produce intense drought periods punctuated by heavy floods, often in the same region. These kinds of disasters may become a normal pattern in our everyday weather as levels of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere continue to rise.

What would be the effects of an increase of CO2 on agriculture and plant growth in general?  
The following points make it clear;

“Both climate change & climate variability are relevant drivers for plant disease epidemiology” (Maynard et al, 2003).
1. CO2 enhanced plants will need extra water both to maintain their larger growth as well as to compensate for greater moisture evaporation as the heat increases. Where will it come from? Rainwater is not sufficient for current agriculture and the aquifers they rely on are running dry throughout the Earth. On the other hand, as predicted by Global Warming, we are receiving intense storms with increased rain throughout of the world. One would think that this should be good for agriculture. Unfortunately, when rain falls very quickly, it does not have time to soak into the ground. Instead, it builds up above the soil then floods causing damage to the crops. The water also floods into creeks, then rivers, and finally out into the ocean carrying off large amounts of soil and fertilizer.

2. Unlike Nature, modern agriculture does not self fertilize by recycling all dead plants, animals and their waste. Instead we constantly produce artificial fertilizers from natural gas which will eventually start running out. By increasing the need for such fertilizer we shorten the supply of natural gas creating competition between the heating of our homes and the growing of our food. This will drive the prices of both up.

3. Too high a concentration of CO2 causes a reduction of photosynthesis in certain of plants. There is also evidence from the past of major damage to a wide variety of plants species from a sudden rise in CO2. Higher concentrations of CO2 also reduce the nutritional quality of some staples, such as wheat.

4. The worse problem, by far, is that increasing CO2 will increase temperatures
throughout the Earth. This will make deserts and other types of dry land grow. While deserts increase in size, other eco-zones, whether tropical, forest or grassland will try to migrate towards the poles. However, soil conditions will not necessarily favor their growth even at optimum temperatures.....

CO2 Direct Impact on Human Physiology.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas that's always present in your blood. It is the waste product generated as your body uses up oxygen, and it is expelled from the lungs when you exhale. At normal levels, its presence has no measurable adverse effects on you, but if your breathing is compromised or you are exposed to large amounts of this gas, you can experience a wide range of side effects, some of which include permanent injury and death. 
Respiratory Effects;
Carbon dioxide is known as an asphyxiant, which is a substance that bonds with your blood in place of oxygen. The website eMedMag.com notes that while most simple asphyxiants do not have any inherent toxicity of their own, cases of CO2 poisoning have been linked to central nervous system damage and permanent deterioration of respiratory functions. Because of these findings, CO2 is considered not just a simple asphyxiant, but a gas with acute systemic effects as well. 
Cardiovascular Effects;
If your blood becomes saturated with too much CO2, you develop the condition known as hypercapnia. Symptoms and signs of early hypercapnia include flushed skin, headache, confusion, lethargy, muscle twitches, hand flaps, reduced neural activity, and possibly a raised blood pressure. Increased levels of CO2 also affect the pH level of your blood, turning it more acidic. This condition is called acidemia and, if prolonged, causes acidosis, which is injury to the body's cells by a rise in acidity that leads to faltering functions of the heart. Some possible outcomes of this interference with your heart include low blood pressure and cardiac arrhythmia. 
Nerve Damage;
HealthNewsFlash.com details the levels of damage your central nervous system can experience as a result of high acidity. These conditions are result of temporary or permanent nerve damage brought on by acidemia, including delirium, hallucinations, seizures, respiratory failure, coma or death. 
As an asphyxiant, carbon dioxide displaces breathable oxygen and impairs pulmonary gas exchange. While asphyxiation is commonly associated with choking on a physical object or drowning, you can suffocate on CO2 without any visible abnormality or obstruction of your breathing. If the oxygen content of the air you breathe is insufficient, you slowly suffocate due to selective oxygen depletion until you experience permanent damage or death.

Graffiti next to the Regent's Canal, in London 2009 attributed to acclaimed British street artist Banksy

Global Warming of the past 100 or so years has already resulted in:

A. More extreme weather patterns (too hot, cold, dry or wet for some); B. Less predictability
C. Melting of ice in polar regions and the retreat of glaciers in alpine regions;
D. Variable and unpredictable snowfall reductions in areas that have supported winter tourism activities (snowfall in the Alps has halved over past 30 years); Year after year ski rental figures go down as temperatures go up.
E. Desertification (the world’s tropical forests are disappearing at the rate of 13 million hectares a year – that is an amount equivalent to the size of Greece);
F. Unusual flooding and increasing storms.
Until relatively recently (the last 3-5 years), there was no scientific consensus that the planet was warming and that this increase in average temperature was caused by human activity. Now the evidence of warming is indisputable although some still argue that its cause may be more due to natural cycles than human activity. While changes in average temperature have occurred on several occasions in the past, they took place over much longer time frames (from thousands to millions of years) giving species time to evolve and adapt. Meta changes are now occurring within decades. 

An argument, made by those who deny man made Global Warming, is that the Carbon Dioxide that is being released by the burning of fossil fuels is actually good for the environment based on the logic that, if plants need CO2 for their growth, then more of it should be better. However "Too much of a good thing can be a bad thing." For example, if a doctor tells you to take one pill of a certain medicine, taking four is not likely to heal you four times faster , It's more likely to make you sick.

Nuclear's proponents do have a point that nuclear power does not directly emit GHGs. Unfortunately, there are a great number of concerns about nuclear power that should be addressed before it can be classed as a green or safe power source. The uranium/nuclear fuel cycle replaces one emissions problem, GHGs, with another, nuclear wastes. Recalling Murphy's Law-that if anything can go wrong, it will. It is prudent to remember names like Three Mile Island,Chernobyl andf Fukushima Daiichi...


Alternative Energy sources include Solar Power, Sea/Wave Power, Wind Power, Passive Heating & Cooling, plus tapping  Geothermal Energy.

ENERGY - Mural by Green-Flower
Many other alternative sources are already widely used. Hydroelectric energy plants generate a significant portion of the world’s power. Other sources, including solar energy and wind power provide a small share of a region’s power but could provide much more. Sources such as tidal power and geothermal heat are site-specific, and of use only in the right location. Some promising technologies, for example the hydrogen fuel cell, remain under development.

Unlike that from fossil fuels, energy from sunlight, wind, water, plants, and geothermal heat does not create extra carbon dioxide, and so does not add to global warming. Best of all, unlike fossil fuels, which will become increasingly scarce, these fuel sources are renewable and will never run out. One day, they may completely replace fossil fuels.